Dry Skin Patches
Water is very vital in our body because it makes up 60% of the human body. In order to maintain that percentage it’s really a must to drink lots of water and for our body to function properly.
Not only blood and other body fluids have water as their main ingredient, water is stored in all body tissues. Cytoplasm, cells and cell walls contain lots of water. Skin is large water storage, yet it gets dry, itchy and flaky.
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Eight to ten glasses of water a day is needed to replenish the fluid in our body but it has no guarantee that it will keep our skin smooth and resilient. Everyday four to eight ounces of water evaporates in our skin not even noticing how it happens.
Applying water topically will not help that much but when taking a bath, your skin will feel soft and moisturize. It occurs because the horny layer which is formed by dead skin cells absorbs water. Two ounces of water can be absorbed by the skin while taking a bath. But the water is not allowed any deeper than the surface cells, but within 10 minutes the water will already evaporate leaving the skin dry again.
Our skin cells work hard to create a protective layer and our human skin has its own mechanism to prevent moisture loss. This layer consists of amino acids, oils , sugar compounds and other elements, either water or oil soluble. All together they bind with water and don’t let it evaporate. Water, that is not allowed to leave skin surface, is absorbed by the horny layer cells. The skin becomes softer, smoother and more flexible.
Causes of Dry Skin
What can ruin the protective layer of our skin? Low humidity, hot or cold air, frequent contacts with water or cleansing solutions can ruin the protective layer, and skin loses its natural ability to hold moisture. When water level in the skin drops by 10%, the skin becomes dry, itchy and flaky.
As we grow old, skin’s protection mechanism lags down and skin becomes dry. It is natural for some people to easily get a dry skin because it is inherited genetically. We have to primarily take care of our outermost skin layer even though it is made of dead cells.
New cells are born through the primary function of the horny layer as a protection of deeper skin layers. With the regular use of hydrating creams, it can help prevent water loss, restore moisture balance and the elasticity of the outer skin layer. Research shows that Ceramides and Sphingolipids are the elements that can hold skin cells together, look for creams with these ingredients to have a youthful skin and defy aging.